What is Coenzyme Q10?
Coenzyme Q10 is a member of a family of naturally occurring substances known
as quinones. Quinones are found everywhere in nature, as they are essential for
generating energy in living things that use oxygen. Because quinones are widely
distributed, or ubiquitous, in nature, some scientists refer to them as ubiquinones.
The chemical structure or shape of a molecule of Coenzyme Q is like that of vitamin K,
with a head to which is attached a tail. The length of this tail varies, with anywhere from
one to twelve repeating units. Humans can utilize only one type of Coenzyme Q, with 10
repeating units. Therefore, it is called Coenzyme Q10. Like vitamin K and vitamin E,
Coenzyme Q10 is fat soluble.
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disease is intended, or implied. Always consult a health care practitioner when dealing with disease states.
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What is the primary function of Coenzyme Q10?
There are approximately 100 trillion cells in the human body and each must produce its
own energy to carry out its functions. Biological chemical reactions which produce energy
require helper substances, or catalysts, known as enzymes. Enzymes are unique in that
they are not used up or changed during the chemical reaction. In order to function,
enzymes generally require a mineral, such as magnesium or zinc, plus a non-protein
organic substance, called a coenzyme. For energy to be produced in every cell of
our body, the coenzyme specifically required is Coenzyme Q10.
Virtually every cell has a membrane which surrounds it and separates it from other cells.
Within cells are small organ like bodies, or organelles, called mitochondria, each
surrounded by a membrane of its own. The special place in every cell where energy
is produced is in the membranes of the mitochondria. This is also where the
greatest concentration of Coenzyme Q10 is found in each cell.
Some body organs have greater amounts of CoQ10 than others because these organs
have high energy requirements. The highest concentrations are found in the heart and
the liver. Since the heart, liver, lungs, kidneys, spleen, pancreas and adrenal glands
require a great deal of energy to function efficiently, Coenzyme Q10 is particularly
abundant in these organs.
How does CoQ10 carry out its primary function?
Coenzyme Q10 is responsible for generating approximately 95 percent of the energy
required by the human body. Cells produce energy by burning mainly fats and
carbohydrates. This burning or oxidation process occurs as a result of oxygen combining
with fats, carbohydrates, and also proteins, to produce carbon dioxide and water. CoQ10
supports cellular energy production through a series of chemical reactions which are part
of what is called the electron transport chain. The electron transport chain moves pairs of
electrons from one chemical to another in the mitochondria, thereby helping create
molecules of adenosine triphosphate (ATP), the body’s primary source of energy. In turn,
these ATP molecules supply energy in every cell of the body for the various chemical
reactions necessary for life.
To sum it up, Coenzyme Q10 provides the spark that ignites the burning of
digested food components with oxygen to produce the energy needed in every
cell. Without CoQ10 in the mitochondria of all cells, there would be no spark and
therefore no production of energy for the cell. And, without energy, there is no
What is another important function of Coenzyme Q10 or CoQ10?
Coenzyme Q10 is also an important antioxidant, providing protection from
oxidative damage that occurs in fat rich tissues, such as cell membranes.
Oxidants, such as free radicals, are highly reactive substances containing one or more
oxygen atoms that try to take electrons away from nearby atoms or molecules. If the
oxidant succeeds in stealing electrons from an atom or molecule, it oxidizes and damages
cellular components that are made from these atoms and molecules, such as DNA,
proteins and fats. An antioxidant is a substance that gives up its electrons to oxidants, or
free radicals, thus functioning to neutralize the free radical oxidants and prevent them
from causing cellular harm.
The antioxidant nature of Coenzyme Q10 is directly related to its energy carrier function.
As an energy carrier in the electron transfer chain, the CoQ10 molecule is continuously
going through an oxidation-reduction cycle, which means it is giving up electrons, and
then taking on electrons. But in its reduced form, when the CoQ10 molecule has taken on
electrons, it holds these electrons rather loosely. So this CoQ10 molecule can and will
quite easily give up one or both electrons to neutralize free radicals, and thus act as an
antioxidant. Because of its ability to transfer electrons and therefore act as both a
cellular antioxidant and a mitochondrial electron carrier in the energy
production cycle, Coenzyme Q is extremely useful as a dietary supplement.
Surprisingly, free radicals also play a useful role in cellular functioning. Therefore, the
antioxidant role of fat soluble antioxidants like Coenzyme Q10 and vitamin E, which works
in combination with Coenzyme Q10, is not to entirely “mop up” and eliminate free radicals,
as one might easily presume; rather, their major function is to neutralize and limit the
quantity of free radicals in our cells to a functionally safe level.
How do we get Coenzyme Q10?
Although our body makes Coenzyme Q10 in the liver, we also get some of what we need
from food. Good food sources of CoQ10 include fish, such as sardines and mackerel, fish
oils, vegetable oils, organ meats, eggs, and the germs of whole grains. The germs of
whole grains are also the best source of vitamin E, which synergistically enhances the
effects of CoQ10. There are a considerable number of vegetable sources of Coenzyme
Q10, the richest being spinach, broccoli, and peanuts, although the amount is significantly
smaller than that found in meats.
Even though CoQ10 is available in food and we create it in our body, we often cannot
make enough for optimal functioning, especially as we get older and our natural
production of Coenzyme Q10 diminishes. When that happens, the therapeutic amounts
needed usually exceed what the body can either make or we can absorb from food. The
result is that supplementation with CoQ10 in optimal amounts is always
beneficial. This is because CoQ10 is both an antioxidant, and an essential
component of life supporting energy production in every cell of the body.
How is Coenzyme Q10, or CoQ10 used for gum disease?
Gum disease, which starts as gingivitis, and often becomes more severe as
periodontitis, is a widespread problem in the United States and other western countries.
A constant feature of gum disease is a deficiency of Coenzyme Q10 in the gum tissue
cells. This has been demonstrated in clinical studies, where samples of gum tissue taken
from patients with diseased periodontal, or gum tissue, had less Coenzyme Q10 than
normal gum tissue, which showed no deficiency. The greater the deficiency, the more
likely gum disease will be present. When a Co Q10 tissue deficiency approaches 25
percent, it is almost always associated with disease.
Some researchers concluded from this observation, that Coenzyme Q10 is needed to
properly repair gum tissue, which led them to study what would happen if coenzyme Q10
were given to restore gum levels to normal. Carefully controlled double blind scientific
experiments demonstrated that supplementation with as little as fifty milligrams per day of
Coenzyme Q10 resulted in a reduction of inflammation, with faster healing and tissue
repair than in subjects given a placebo, or imitation supplement without any CoQ10. In
spite of the fact that a placebo was used, the results were so dramatic that the
researchers could accurately predict, from the appearance of the gums, who was getting
the Coenzyme Q10 and who was not. Other scientific studies with both humans and
animals have confirmed the therapeutic effectiveness of Co Q10 for reversing gum
disease. This should not be surprising, since healing and repair of gum tissues
requires efficient energy production, which requires sufficient amounts of
Should you take a Coenzyme Q10 supplement for your gums?
Let’s summarize what has already been stated on this page:
- Coenzyme Q10 provides the spark that ignites the burning of digested foods with
oxygen, to produce the energy needed in every cell.
- Coenzyme Q10 is also an important antioxidant, providing protection from oxidative
damage which injures tissue cells and body organs.
- Even though CoQ10 is available in food, the amount we can obtain may be
inadequate, and the body often cannot make enough for optimal functioning,
especially as we age.
- Scientific experiments have shown that supplementation with as little as fifty
milligrams per day of Coenzyme Q10 resulted in tissue repair, healing, and
decrease of inflammation in subjects with gum disease.
- Healing and repair of gum tissues requires efficient energy production, which
requires sufficient amounts of Coenzyme Q10. Because CoQ10 is involved in basic
energy production by every cell in the body, optimal amounts are always beneficial.
- Our natural production of Coenzyme Q10 diminishes as we get older.
Whether or not you choose to add Coenzyme Q10 supplementation to your diet
is a matter of personal choice. The benefits of taking a high quality CoQ10
supplement seem to be obvious. The CoQ10 supplement will only be used by the
body if required, and there is no evidence of any side effects or significant risks
Click here for my recommended dental health program for healthy gums, which
includes premium quality Coenzyme Q10 dissolved in organic flaxseed oil.
How will strengthening your immune system also contribute to healthy gums?
Let’s look at gum disease from a holistic viewpoint. When our gums are sick, an enormous
number of germs are always found on our teeth and gums. Some germs are good – for
example, we need lots of special bacteria called probiotics in our gut to remain healthy.
Some germs are bad because, under the right circumstances, they can make us sick. But
bad germs aren’t really bad. Bad germs, including viruses and yeasts organisms, can only
infect and hurt us if we let them do this. For this to happen, they need an already
weakened immune system, and an acidic state in our body, which favors the growth of
germs associated with infections. This includes the mouth of course. When our immune
system isn’t strong enough to prevent these bad germs from growing around our teeth,
they will establish themselves on our teeth and infect the gums. Then, and only then, can
all the unpleasant consequences of gum disease occur. We let this happen when we
make poor food choices by not eating the foods or diet needed for healthy
gums, or we exercise infrequently, or we carelessly and needlessly expose ourselves to
For information on nutritional support which includes premium quality
Coenzyme Q10 to keep your gums healthy, please click on this link.
So what can you do to strengthen your immune system?
If a poorly functioning immune system is unable to adequately cope with
environmental stresses and the resultant sensitivity to toxins, then it is
reasonable to assume that a vibrantly healthy immune system will behave the
opposite way, and enable you to easily and readily deal with all kinds of
From a holistic perspective, you will bring about two critically important changes which will
make you healthy if you do the following:
- Follow a healthy life style by consuming the right kinds of foods and drinks,
including fruits and vegetables and other foods that are organic, whole grain,
unprocessed or raw, and contain no added sugars, chemicals or synthetic
ingredients of any kind.
- Exercise regularly.
- Avoid as many environmental toxins as possible.
This will create an internal, slightly alkaline, health promoting environment in your body
and second, you will make your immune system very strong.
Isn’t that really hard for most people to do?
That depends on your priorities. Since most people will rarely meet all of the conditions
for health described above, the solution for strengthening your immune system is to still
consume the right kinds of foods and drinks when you can, to still exercise and avoid
toxins as much as possible, and to compensate for whatever components of a
healthy lifestyle you are lacking, by adding completely natural and organic whole
food supplements to your diet.
Why should you add completely natural and organic whole food supplements to
your diet? The answer lies in the fact that the human body is a marvelously
designed living organism with the ability to grow, regulate, repair, and defend
itself when given natural, high quality, full spectrum nutrients derived from
natural and organically grown foods. The result is that a well fed body is able to
resist disease better than a poorly fed body.
Supplements made from all natural and organically grown foods provide essentially the
same nutritional benefits, including a stronger immune system, as the all natural and
organically grown foods from which they are made. When you add all natural and organic
whole food supplements to your diet, your body will be well fed, your immune system
will be stronger and as a result, your gums will be healthier!
Would you like to learn more about these supplements and how they can help
your gums? They worked for Dr. Gilbert. Why wouldn’t they work for you? Dr.
Gilbert offers a free, no obligation nutritional consultation so you can personally
talk to him about these remarkable supplements. All you have to do is click here
and complete the Nutritional Consultation Form.
Whatever health benefits you are seeking, you are invited to try these remarkable
supplements and see for yourself how they can raise your level of confidence regarding
the health of your gums and the rest of your body. That means greater peace of mind for
you. How much is that worth?
The purpose of this page is to give you helpful
information about Coenzyme Q10 for gum disease.
Healthy Teeth 'n' Gums
Coenzyme Q-10 for Gum Disease
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|♦ Keeping Your Teeth ‘n’ Gums Healthy For a Lifetime ♦